Wednesday 26th of October 2016 11:10:48 PM

Nice and Free CSS Templates

Figure 8-53

Figure 8-53. Changing the vertical alignment of the larger text

Here, the middle of the boldfaced text's inline box has lined up with the middle of the inline boxes of the other text in the line. Because the inline boxes are all 12px tall, and their middles are all lined up, this means that the line box for this line is now only 12 pixels high, just like the others. However, it also means that the oversized text intrudes into other lines even more than before.

Let's consider another situation where another inline element

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Menu und content

Menu fixed, content

Menu und content

3 columns all

4 columns all

Menu floating

Menu fix, Inhalt u.
Head dynamic

3 columns fix

dynamic mit
Head und Footer

fixed BOX centered

dynamic BOX

fixed Box total
heightIE4 Y/Y IE5 Y/Y NN4 N/N Op3 Y/-

This is used to set the height of an element. Height is most often applied to images, but can be used on any block-level or replaced element, although support for such behavior is not widespread as of this writing. Negative length values are not permitted.

d to set the amount of whitespace between letters. A letter is defined as any displayed character, including numbers, symbols, and other font glyphs. Length values are most web browsers recognize as many as 140 color names, including the standard sixteen. There are two problems associated with using these extra names, though. The first is that not all browsers will recognize them; Opera, for example, sticks with the standard 16 colors, at least in the Opera 3.x series. Far from being a failure on their part, this represents a remarkable commitment to standards support, even though it might confuse or annoy many web designers.

The second problem is a little more fundamental: there are no standard color values for these names. Declaring that an elementline box from which the image originates. As you can see in Figure 8-35, this keeps images from floating too far upward.

Figure 8-35

Figure 8-35. Keeping floats level with their context

7. A left (or right) floating element that has another floating element to its left (or right) may not have its right outer edge to the right (or left) of its containing block's right (or left) edge.

In other words, a floating element cannot stick out beyond the edgemove within the browser window when the document is scrolled. This allows for frame-style layouts, for example. In paged media such as printouts, a fixed element will appear in the same place on every page. This potentially can be used to create running heads or footers.


The value is inherited from the parent element. See Chapter 10, "CSS2: A Look Ahead", for more details.any smaller than a certain size? Consider the following styles:

top: 10%; bottom: 20%; left: 50%; right: 10%;

Thus the height is 70%, and the width 40% of the containing block's height and width. That's fine as far as it goes -- but what happens if the containing block is only 50 pixels tall by 200 pixels wide? That gives you an element only 35 pixels wide by 80 pixels tall. That doesn't leave much room to show the content, but if you use auto for the width or height, the element might fill its entire containing block, obscuring